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The Many Varieties of Calla Lilies A Guide to Their Colors, Shapes, and Uses

The Many Varieties of Calla Lilies a Guide to Their Colors Shapes and Uses

calla lily types

Calla Lily Types

Calla Lily Types

Calla lilies (Zantedeschia spp.

) are a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae..

They are native to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, and South America. Calla lilies are popular garden plants, and they are also grown as cut flowers. There are over 200 different species of calla lilies, and they come in a wide variety of colors, shapes, and sizes.

The most common type of calla lily is the white calla lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica). This type of calla lily has a white spathe and a yellow spadix. White calla lilies are often used in wedding bouquets and arrangements.

Other popular types of calla lilies include:

  • The pink calla lily (Zantedeschia rehmannii) has a pink spathe and a yellow spadix.
  • The orange calla lily (Zantedeschia elliottiana) has an orange spathe and a yellow spadix.
  • The purple calla lily (Zantedeschia odorata) has a purple spathe and a yellow spadix.
  • The black calla lily (Zantedeschia ‘Black Beauty’) has a dark purple spathe and a yellow spadix.

Calla lilies are relatively easy to grow, and they can be grown in a variety of climates. They prefer full sun to partial shade, and they need well-drained soil. Calla lilies are drought-tolerant, but they will benefit from regular watering during dry periods.

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Calla lilies are propagated by division or by seed. Division is the easiest method, and it is usually done in the spring or fall. To divide a calla lily, carefully dig up the plant and divide it into two or more sections. Each section should have at least one root and one tuber. Replant the divisions in well-drained soil and water them well.

Calla lilies are generally pest-free, but they can be susceptible to aphids, mealybugs, and spider mites. If you notice any pests on your calla lilies, you can treat them with a neem oil or insecticidal soap solution.

Calla lilies are beautiful and long-lasting flowers that can add a touch of elegance to any garden. They are also relatively easy to grow, so they are a great choice for gardeners of all levels.

Calla Lily Types Calla Lily Varieties
  • Common calla lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica)
  • Ethiopian calla lily (Zantedeschia rehmannii)
  • Banded calla lily (Zantedeschia elliottiana)
  • Painted calla lily (Zantedeschia albomaculata)
  • Fairy calla lily (Zantedeschia jucunda)
  • White calla lily
  • Yellow calla lily
  • Pink calla lily
  • Purple calla lily
  • Orange calla lily
Calla Lily Flowers Calla Lily Care
  • Large, trumpet-shaped flowers
  • Come in a variety of colors
  • Bloom in the summer and fall
  • Grow in full sun to partial shade
  • Water regularly
  • Fertilize monthly
  • Protect from frost
Calla Lily Growing Features Calla Lily FAQ
  • Easy to grow
  • Attract butterflies and hummingbirds
  • Can be grown indoors or outdoors
  • How do I care for calla lilies?
  • What are the different types of calla lilies?
  • How do I propagate calla lilies?

calla lily types

II. Calla Lily Varieties

There are over 100 different species of calla lilies, each with its own unique appearance. Some of the most popular varieties include:

  • The white calla lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica)
  • The orange calla lily (Zantedeschia rehmannii)
  • The pink calla lily (Zantedeschia elliottiana)
  • The purple calla lily (Zantedeschia jucunda)
  • The black calla lily (Zantedeschia pentlandii)

Calla lilies come in a variety of sizes, from small plants that only reach a few inches tall to large plants that can grow over 3 feet tall. They also come in a variety of shapes, from simple trumpet-shaped flowers to more complex flowers with ruffled petals.

Calla lilies are relatively easy to care for, but they do require some specific conditions in order to thrive. They need well-drained soil, plenty of sunlight, and regular watering. They are also susceptible to a number of pests and diseases, so it is important to keep an eye on your plants and take steps to prevent problems.

Calla lilies are beautiful flowers that can add a touch of elegance to any garden. They are also relatively long-lived, so they can provide enjoyment for many years to come.

III. Calla Lily Care

Calla lilies are relatively easy to care for, but there are a few things you need to know to keep them healthy and blooming.

Here are some tips for caring for calla lilies:

  • Choose a location with well-drained soil. Calla lilies do not like to sit in waterlogged soil, so make sure the area where you plant them has good drainage.
  • Water regularly. Calla lilies need to be watered regularly, especially during the growing season. Make sure the soil is moist but not soggy.
  • Fertilize monthly. Calla lilies benefit from monthly fertilization during the growing season. Use a fertilizer that is high in phosphorus and potassium.
  • Protect from frost. Calla lilies are not frost-tolerant, so they should be protected from frost in cold climates. You can do this by covering the plants with a layer of mulch or by bringing them indoors.

By following these tips, you can help your calla lilies thrive and produce beautiful flowers.

calla lily types

II. Calla Lily Varieties

There are over 200 different species of calla lilies, each with its own unique appearance and characteristics. Some of the most popular varieties include:

  • Zantedeschia aethiopica (common calla lily): This is the most common type of calla lily, and it is characterized by its large, trumpet-shaped flowers. It is available in a variety of colors, including white, pink, yellow, and orange.
  • Zantedeschia rehmannii (rehmannia calla lily): This variety is smaller than the common calla lily, and it has smaller, more delicate flowers. It is available in a variety of colors, including white, pink, and yellow.
  • Zantedeschia elliottiana ( Elliotiana calla lily): This variety is characterized by its striped leaves and its large, showy flowers. It is available in a variety of colors, including white, pink, and orange.
  • Zantedeschia odorata (scented calla lily): This variety is characterized by its sweet fragrance. It is available in a variety of colors, including white, pink, and yellow.

Calla lilies are relatively easy to grow, and they can be grown in a variety of climates. They prefer full sun to partial shade, and they need well-drained soil. They are also drought-tolerant plants, but they will benefit from regular watering during dry periods.

Calla lilies can be propagated by division or by seed.

Division is the easiest method, and it is best done in the spring or fall..

To divide a calla lily, simply dig up the plant and carefully separate the rhizomes. Each rhizome should have at least one growth bud. Replant the rhizomes in a new pot or garden bed, and water well.

Calla lilies can be grown in containers or in the ground. If you are growing them in containers, choose a pot that is at least 12 inches in diameter. Fill the pot with a well-draining potting mix, and plant the calla lily rhizomes so that the top is just below the soil surface. Water well, and place the pot in a sunny location.

If you are growing calla lilies in the ground, choose a location that receives full sun to partial shade.

Dig a hole that is twice the width and depth of the rhizome..

Fill the hole with a well-draining soil mix, and plant the rhizomes so that the top is just below the soil surface. Water well, and mulch the area around the plants to help retain moisture.

Calla lilies are relatively pest-free plants, but they can be susceptible to aphids, mealybugs, and spider mites. If you notice any pests on your calla lilies, you can treat them with a neem oil spray or insecticidal soap.

Calla lilies are beautiful flowers that can add a touch of elegance to any garden. They are relatively easy to grow, and they can be enjoyed for many years to come.

calla lily types

V. Calla Lily Growth

Calla lilies grow best in full sun to partial shade. They prefer well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. Calla lilies can be grown in containers or in the ground. When planting calla lilies in the ground, dig a hole that is twice the diameter of the rhizome. Place the rhizome in the hole so that the top is level with the soil surface. Cover the rhizome with soil and water thoroughly.

Calla lilies need regular watering, especially during the summer months. Water the plants deeply so that the soil is moist but not soggy. Calla lilies are drought tolerant, but they will not flower if they are not watered regularly.

Calla lilies are fertilized once in the spring and once in the fall. Use a fertilizer that is high in phosphorus and potassium. Avoid fertilizers that are high in nitrogen, as this can lead to lush foliage but few flowers.

Calla lilies are susceptible to a number of pests, including aphids, spider mites, and thrips.

Aphids can be controlled with insecticidal soap or neem oil..

Spider mites can be controlled by spraying the plants with a water-and-soap solution. Thrips can be controlled by using a horticultural oil.

Calla lilies are also susceptible to a number of diseases, including botrytis blight, leaf spot, and powdery mildew. Botrytis blight can be controlled by removing infected leaves and stems and by spraying the plants with a fungicide. Leaf spot can be controlled by spraying the plants with a fungicide. Powdery mildew can be controlled by spraying the plants with a fungicide or by applying a sulfur dust to the leaves.

VI. Calla Lily Flowering

Calla lilies typically bloom in the spring and summer, but some varieties may bloom in the fall or winter. The flowers can last for several weeks, and they come in a variety of colors, including white, yellow, pink, orange, and purple.

Calla lilies are pollinated by insects, such as bees and butterflies. The flowers produce nectar, which attracts these insects. When an insect lands on the flower, it picks up pollen from the anthers and carries it to the stigma of another flower. This process helps to fertilize the flower and produce seeds.

Once the flowers have been pollinated, they will produce seed pods. The seed pods will eventually dry up and split open, releasing the seeds. The seeds can be planted to grow new calla lilies.

Calla lilies are relatively easy to grow, and they make beautiful additions to gardens and flower beds. They are also popular cut flowers, and they can be used in arrangements and bouquets.

VII. Calla Lily Diseases and Pests

Calla lilies are susceptible to a number of diseases and pests, including:

  • Bacterial leaf spot
  • Botrytis blight
  • Powdery mildew
  • Rust
  • Aphids
  • Thrips
  • Spider mites
  • Slugs and snails

To prevent diseases and pests from affecting your calla lilies, it is important to:

  • Grow calla lilies in well-drained soil.
  • Water calla lilies regularly, but do not overwater them.
  • Fertilize calla lilies according to the package directions.
  • Inspect calla lilies regularly for signs of disease or pests.
  • Treat calla lilies with an appropriate fungicide or insecticide if they are infected with a disease or pests.

If you are unsure how to prevent or treat diseases and pests on your calla lilies, it is best to consult with a qualified horticulturist.

VIII. Calla Lily Propagation

Calla lilies can be propagated by division, seed, or bulblets.

Division is the most common method of propagating calla lilies.

To divide a calla lily, carefully dig up the plant and divide the roots into several clumps..

Each clump should have at least one growth bud. Replant the clumps in fresh soil and water well.

Seed can also be used to propagate calla lilies. Sow seeds in a well-drained potting mix and keep the soil moist until the seeds germinate. Seedlings will emerge in about 2-4 weeks. Once the seedlings have developed a few sets of leaves, transplant them into individual pots.

Bulblets are small, round growths that form on the rhizomes of calla lilies.

To propagate calla lilies from bulblets, carefully remove the bulblets from the rhizomes and plant them in a well-drained potting mix..

Keep the soil moist until the bulblets have developed roots and new growth.

Calla lilies can be propagated at any time of year, but the best time is in the spring or fall.

When propagating calla lilies, it is important to use a sterile potting mix and to avoid overwatering the plants.

Calla lilies that are propagated from seed or bulblets will not bloom until the following year.

IX. Calla Lily Harvesting

Calla lilies are harvested when the flowers are fully open and the petals are starting to droop. The best time to harvest calla lilies is in the morning, when the flowers are cool and fresh.

To harvest a calla lily, cut the stem just below the flower head. Be careful not to damage the roots.

Calla lilies can be stored in a cool, dry place for up to two weeks.

When you are ready to display your calla lilies, place them in a vase of water and add a flower preservative.

Calla lilies are a beautiful and elegant addition to any home or garden. With proper care, they can provide you with months of enjoyment.

X. FAQ

Q: What are the different types of calla lilies?

A: There are over 200 different species of calla lilies, but the most common types are the white calla lily, the pink calla lily, and the orange calla lily.

Q: How do I care for calla lilies?

A: Calla lilies are relatively easy to care for, but they do require some specific conditions in order to thrive. They need well-drained soil, plenty of sunlight, and regular watering.

Q: How do I propagate calla lilies?

A: Calla lilies can be propagated by division, seed, or bulblets. Division is the easiest method, and it involves dividing the rhizome of a mature plant into several pieces.

Katie Owen
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